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Guide to Common Blood Pressure Medications

There are many classes of blood pressure medications, each with their own variety of drugs, suffixes, and functionalities. Healthcare providers must prescribe the right prescription, or combination of prescriptions, to resolve a patient's hypertension while also taking into consideration other medical conditions, underlying health issues, and other medications. For this reason, it is important for healthcare providers to be able to recognize the most common blood pressure medications and how they work.

Please note: This list is not all inclusive of all classes of blood pressure medications or all common medications and should be used for educational purposes only. Pedagogy does not recommend the use of any particular medication or manufacturer. 

Download a printable copy of the Guide to Common Blood Pressure Medications


This resource is a vital concept for all nurses and may accompany any of our continuing education courses. View the general class catalog here.



Guide to Common Blood Pressure Medications
 

Class Suffix Common Medications How it Works
ACE Inhibitors - pril Benazepril (Lotensin)

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)

Quinapril (Accupril)
When blood vessels dilate, it increases the amount of blood pumped by the heart and lowers blood pressure
Beta Blockers - olol Atenolol (Tenormin)

Bisoprolol  (Zebeta)

Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL)

Propranolol (Inderal LA, InnoPran XL)
Beta blockers make the heart beat more slowly and with less force, which lowers blood pressure
Calcium Channel Blockers - pine Amlodipine (Norvasc)

Diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)

Nifedipine (Procardia)

Nisoldipine (Sular)
Calcium channel blockers cause the arterial blood vessel walls to relax and expand
Diuretics - ide Chlorthalidone (Hygroton)

Hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril)

Loop diuretics:
Furosemide (Lasix)
Bumetanide (Bumex)
Torsemide (Demadex)
Diuretics rid the body of excess water and sodium and are often used in combination with other therapies

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