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Diabetes And Thyroid Disease

Diabetes and thyroid disorders are both related to a dysfunction within the endocrine system.

There is usually an imbalance of hormones that can negatively impact both the pancreas and the thyroid. In addition, there can be an underlying autoimmune condition that is causing organ impairment.

According to recent CDC research, approximately 34.1 million U.S. adults — more than 1 in 10 —have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and 7.3 million of those adults who met laboratory criteria were unaware or did not report having the disease, (according to CDC 2020 National Diabetes Statistics Report). Conversely, an estimated 12 % of the population will develop a thyroid disorder during their lifetime. One in eight women will develop a thyroid condition during their lifespan. Sadly, upwards of 12 million people are not aware that they have this condition and put themselves at risk for medical conditions such as heart disease, infertility and osteoporosis.

Symptoms of hypothyroidism may include the following:

• Fatigue
• Lethargy
• Depression
• Anxiety
• Chronic constipation
• Unintentional weight gain
• Intolerance to cold temperatures
• A slower heart rate and lower blood pressure
• Cholesterol levels that do not respond to traditional diet and exercise
• Neck area swelling and/or discomfort
• Change in menstrual cycles, fertility, bowel habits, skin and hair
• Unexplained muscle and joint pain
• Family history of thyroid disease /diabetes

It is very important to make sure that you are routinely screened for diabetes if you have thyroid disease and vice versa. Routine testing helps ensure early detection and appropriate treatment, lowering your risk of complications. If you are found to have either of these endocrine disorders, weight management is one of the most effective ways to reduce your risk of developing the second medical condition. Additional medications (thyroid replacement therapy) and routine blood testing will ensure an optimal thyroid functioning.

Monitoring your thyroid and glucose levels lower your risk of diabetes if you already have thyroid dysfunction. Conversely, maintaining optimal glucose levels can reduce your risk of developing thyroid disease in a person with diabetes. Both conditions, independent of each other or as a dual -diagnosis, are life-long disorders that can be medically managed with proper diet/medications/lifestyle changes. In doing so, you will have optimal control over your health and well being and lower your risk of complications. 

Reference website links:
American Diabetes Association
The Diabetes Council
American Thyroid Association
The Relationship Between Diabetes And Thyroid Disorder

Maureens Source Code Guest post by Maureen Sullivan-Tevault and  originally appeared at MaureenSullivanRN.com.

Maureen has over 30 years in Emergency and Trauma nursing, including nursing positions as the Emergency Department Manager, Director of Staff Education, Trauma Coordinator, Cardiology Nurse Navigator, and Stroke Program Manager. In addition, she has also been certified as both a BLS and ACLS instructor, and adjunct faculty for an LPN nursing program. She is a legal nurse consultant, working on personal injury, nursing negligence, and product liability cases.  Maureen has written nursing articles for the following journals: Nursing Spectrum, ADVANCE nursing magazine, and The Journal of Emergency Care, Rescue, and Transportation. She also has a monthly diabetes column in the online journal, Health Triangle Magazine.

Maureen has written multiple continuing education courses on diabetes, stroke, human trafficking, norovirus and other healthcare topics:

Diabetes: An Introduction
Diabetes Management and Insulin Pumps
Diabetes Management and Insulin Pumps for School Nurses
Diabetes: An Introduction for Administrators
Human Trafficking
Management of Norovirus Gastroenteritis in Healthcare Settings

Mangement of Norovirus Gastroenteritits in Post Acute Care Settings
OSHA Hazard Communication
Stroke Management: Advanced
Stroke: An Introduction
Stroke: An Introduction for Administrators

CBD 101: An Introductory Course

You may see all of the online continuing nurse education offered by Pedagogy by clicking View Entire Catalog.   

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Posted: 3/22/2020 2:54:00 PM
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