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Diabetes And Kidney Disease

Diabetes (a.k.a. diabetes mellitus)  is a chronic disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or does not utilize properly the insulin it is making. Uncontrolled diabetes, or chronically elevated blood sugar levels, can cause problems for many organs in your body. Blood vessels and nerve endings throughout the body can become inflamed/injured, causing a variety of medical complications. In this article, we will focus on diabetes and its effects on kidneys. Diabetes is currently a leading cause of kidney disease. It is estimated that nearly 1 of 4 adults with diabetes has some form of kidney disease.

The kidneys are organs that are responsible for clearing waste products from your bloodstream. They also play important roles in red blood cell and hormone production, blood pressure regulation and electrolyte balances. When blood sugar levels are uncontrolled for extended periods of time, the kidneys will be adversely affected. The microscopic blood vessels and nerve endings will be injured, often leading to poor kidney function. The impaired kidney is now unable to clear waste products from the bloodstream, leading to higher blood pressure, increased fluid retention and worsening of blood glucose levels.

As the kidney function continues to decline, the affected person may be placed on additional medications, dietary and fluid restrictions. If no improvement, kidney dialysis may be started, which will maintain a proper blood fluid and electrolyte balance in the short term. With further worsening of kidney function, a kidney transplant may be a viable option.

Signs/Symptoms of possible kidney disease may include:
  • Albumin/protein/creatinine in your urine
  • High blood pressure readings
  • Ankle and leg swelling
  • Frequent nighttime urination
  • Morning nausea and vomiting
  • Weakness, and anemia
Well controlled diabetes lowers your risk of medical complications, including kidney disease. Be sure and take all medications as prescribed (some blood pressure medications can actually slow the loss of kidney function), and avoid medications that may cause kidney damage (especially over the counter pain medications). Control your high blood pressure with a well-balanced diet, and seek immediate medical attention for any urinary tract infections (burning, cramping, hesitancy or pain when urinating). Stop smoking, get a good night’s sleep (aim for 7-8hours nightly), and maintain a healthy weight. 

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, but with proper glucose control through diet, exercise and medications, the risk of complications can be minimized.

For more information on diabetes and kidney disease:

Guest post by Maureen Sullivan-Tevault and  originally appeared at MaureenSullivanRN.com.

Maureen has over 25 years in Emergency and Trauma nursing, including nursing positions as the Emergency Department Manager, Director of Staff Education, Trauma Coordinator, and Stroke Program Manager. In addition, she has also been certified as both a BLS and ACLS instructor, and adjunct faculty for an LPN nursing program. Maureen has also written nursing articles for the following journals: Nursing Spectrum, ADVANCE nursing magazine, and The Journal of Emergency Care, Rescue, and Transportation.  Her expertise is in diabetes education, stroke education and prevention, and all aspects of emergency medicine.

Maureen has written multiple continuing education courses on diabetes, stroke, human trafficking, norovirus and other healthcare topics:

Diabetes: An Introduction
Diabetes Management and Insulin Pumps
Diabetes Management and Insulin Pumps for School Nurses
Diabetes: An Introduction for Administrators
Human Trafficking
Management of Norovirus Gastroenteritis in Healthcare Settings

Mangement of Norovirus Gastroenteritits in Post Acute Care Settings
OSHA Hazard Communication
Stroke Management: Advanced
Stroke: An Introduction
Stroke: An Introduction for Administrators

You may see all of the online continuing nurse education offered by Pedagogy by clicking View Entire Catalog.   

Memberships are also available to institutions that would like to provide a library of education to their staff. See Memberships for more information and to request pricing.  

Posted: 8/21/2019 2:46:59 PM
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