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Capra Dalton

Capra Dalton, Registered Nurse, has more than 28 years of experience in infusion therapy and the instruction of licensed nurses in infusion therapy continuing education. Her experience comes from multiple infusion settings: acute care, ambulatory infusion centers, home infusion, long term care continuing education provider, and long term care pharmacy quality assurance consultant.

Read Capra Dalton's Full Bio...
Class Accreditation
Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider # CEP 15467, course provides 12.50 contact hours.

This document must be retained by the licensee for a period of four years after the course concludes.
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South Dakota LPN IV Education 2017

Contact Hours: 12.5
Cost: $112.50
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South Dakota LPN IV Education 2017

For a complete list of accreditations for this course, please see the accreditation information box below the author’s bio.  All states (with the exception of Hawaii) recognize our courses for accredited continuing nursing education, CNE, contact hours.

South Dakota LPN IV Education is designed to fulfill the requirements of the South Dakota State Board of Nursing as it pertains to LPN's and the practice of IV therapy.  Each state board has differing requirements that the LPN/LVN must meet in regards to infusion therapies. The nurse must be aware of the rules provided by the board for the state in which he/she practices as every state's rules vary slightly. South Dakota LPN’s who graduated prior to 2001 and who have not been trained in the initiation and administration of IV therapy do not have these skills within their scope of practice, and so must obtain the knowledge and skills prior to the performance of IV therapy functions.

The purpose of this course is to serve as the educational basis to prepare South Dakota LPN’s educated prior to 2001 in the performance of IV therapy functions in accordance with SDCL 36-9-1.1, 36-9-4.1 and ARSD 20:48:04:06 and as well as provides an excellent refresher course for the LPN and RN who has not had recent experience and/or is not familiar with the current infusion therapy standards of care, which have change significantly over the years. This course is also a great resource as a primer for new RN’s.

In early 2016, the Infusion Nurses Society (INS), recognized as the global authority in infusion therapy, released the updated Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice. The INS sets the accepted standards for infusion therapy practice for all healthcare settings. This course is based on the current best practices as defined by the Infusion Nursing Society and other governing agencies such as the CDC, and FDA.


Section 1; South Dakota Legalities of Infusion Therapy 

 
South Dakota Legalities of Infusion Therapy is a review of the legalities of practicing IV therapy within the state of South Dakota. This section provides the RN and LPN with the specific rules set forth by the South Dakota State Board of Nursing through the Nurse Practice Act and additional guidance provided through the Board's Advisory Opinions. 

It is imperative that all nurses understand the rules and regulations set forth by the state that governs the nurse’s practice. Each state has rules and regulations that differ from one another, therefore it is necessary for each nurse to know the specific state(s) in which he or she practices; guidelines, rules and laws. The following information guides facilities, organizations, and all licensed nurses regarding the board’s guidelines pertaining to infusion therapy practices.  This course will guide you through the South Dakota State Board of Nursing website to all documents that impact the provision of infusion therapies by nurses.  It is always recommended that the Board’s website be checked independently as any state board can append, amend and change the rules and regulations that nurses are expected to follow.

Section 2; The Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy; Current Standards of Practice

As the science of infusion therapy advances and technology expands, it is imperative that all healthcare clinicians and nurses practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices.


The Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy in Adults; Current Standard of Practice is basic level education designed to provide conceptual and operational knowledge nurses who have had limited exposure to infusion therapy principals and practice. It is imperative that all healthcare clinicians and nurses practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices. 

Competency requirements are obtained and maintained through the nurse’s employer, facility or institution. The number of times a procedure must be repeated to demonstrate competency will be determined by the employer. Pedagogy has developed skills competency checklists for all infusion related procedures and are available in the "Resources" chapter of the course.

Section 3; Current Practices in Management of Central Lines

The Current Practices in the Management of Central Lines section has been designed to provide current conceptual and operational knowledge to the licensed nurse responsible for the care of patients with central venous access devices. Ever changing technologies and the evolution of the licensed nurse’s role in the management of central lines requires up to date knowledge of changes in techniques, equipment and devices in use today. This course contains current practices for best patient outcomes based on Infusion Nurses Society standards. 

Competency requirements are obtained and maintained through the nurse’s employer, facility or institution.  Our infusion and IV Therapy education courses contain the skill competency checklists, that may be used by employers, facilities and institutions to complete the skills verification of IV related procedures and facilitate the completion of the skills portion of infusion education.  The central venous access device related checklists are found in the "Resource" chapter of this section.



Have questions about how Online IV Certification/Education works? Click Here to view our Online IV FAQ.


Objectives


Section 1
South Dakota Legalities of Infusion Therapy 

Objectives
Upon completion of this section, the participant will be able to:
Name 3 specific IV related tasks the South Dakota BON states may not be performed by licensed practical nurses
Identify the role of the registered nurse and in the performance of IV Therapy.
Discuss principles of delegation

Section 2
The Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy in Adults; Current Standards of Practice

Objectives
Upon completion of this section, the participant will be able to:
List specific measures that will protect against malpractice suits
Describe the differences in a vein and artery
List the veins used to deliver peripheral IV therapy in adults and older adults
State the signs, symptoms, treatment and prevention of nerve damage related to IV therapy
Describe the signs, symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of hyper/hypovolemia
State the causes and treatments of electrolyte imbalances
Describe how each solution: isotonic, hypotonic and hypertonic, effects the recipient
Identify methods of fluid regulation
List external factors that can influence the rate of flow
Demonstrate the correct calculation of an IV flow rate
Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy
State the appropriate peripheral device for the therapy ordered
List the 3 types of peripheral devices
List the veins to avoid for peripheral access in the adult and older adult
Identify complications of IV therapy; it’s cause, prevention and treatment

Section 3
Current Practices in Management of Central Lines

Objectives
Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:
List 3 reasons for use and advantages of central lines.
List 4 veins used for central venous device placement and proper tip position.
Identify the various types of central lines.
Identify symptoms and prevention of complications.
Describe assessment criteria and documentation required for patients with central venous catheters.

Curriculum


Section 1 South Dakota Legalities of Infusion Therapy

This section of the South Dakota I.V. Therapy curriculum guides facilities, organizations, and all licensed nurses regarding the board’s guidelines pertaining to infusion therapy practices.  This course will guide you through the South Dakota State Board of Nursing website to all documents that impact the provision of infusion therapies by nurses.  It is always recommended that the Board’s website be checked independently as any state board can append, amend and change the rules and regulations that nurses are expected to follow.

Chapter 1
Nursing Regulations and State Boards of Nursing
Boards of Nursing
Nurse Practice Acts
Licensure
Chapter 2 
South Dakota State Board of Nursing
Mission
Board Meetings
Journal
Chapter 3 
South Dakota Nurse Practice Act
Statutes and Rules
Chapter 4
South Dakota Scope of Practice
Chapter 5 
Delegation
Chapter 6
Advisory Statements or Opinions
Advisory statements pertaining to intravascular and infusion therapies

Section 2: Peripheral IV Therapy

 This section of the South Dakota I.V. Therapy curriculum has been written to provide basic conceptual and operational knowledge to healthcare clinicians who have had limited exposure to infusion therapy principals and practice.  As the science of infusion therapy advances and technology expands, it is imperative that all healthcare clinicians and nurses practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices. 

Chapter 1: Legal Issues
 Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
 Components of a Complete Physicians Order 
 Legal Terms and Applications in Nursing
 Protective Measures for Guarding against Malpractice Lawsuits
Chapter 2: Anatomy and Physiology
 The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
 The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
 Differentiating Arteries from Veins
 Veins used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
 Intraosseous
 Skin: Anatomy and Physiology
Chapter 3:  Psychological Needs of the IV Patient
 Age Specific Needs of Children
 Elderly Patient Needs 
 Cultural Aspects
 Patients with Sensory Deficits 
 Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
 Patient Teaching/Education
Chapter 4: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
 Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
 Hypovolemia—Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
 Hypervolemia—Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
 Fluid Compartments
 Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments
Chapter 5: pH, Osmolality and Incompatibilities of Solutions and Medications
 pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
 Tonicity: Isotonic solutions, Hypotonic solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities
Chapter 6: Fluid Regulation
 Methods of Fluid Regulation
 Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
 External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
 Calculation of IV flow rates
Chapter 7: Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance
 Hand Hygiene
 Sharps Management
 Medical Waste Disposal
 Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
 Standard Precautions
 Transmission-Based Precautions
Chapter 8: Vascular Visualization
 Trans-illuminator Technology
 Near Infrared Technology
 Ultrasound
Chapter 9: Site Selection and Device Placement
 Criteria For Peripheral Devices
 3 Types Of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
 Special Considerations Of The Specific Age Groups
 General Considerations Of Short Peripheral Access 
 Veins To Avoid
Chapter 10:  Vascular Access Device Management
 Needleless Connectors
 Filtration
 Add-on Devices
 VAD Stabilization
 Joint Stabilization
 Site Protection
 Flushing and Locking
 Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
 Administration Set Changes
Chapter 11: Procedures Guides and Videos
 Pre-insertion Procedures
 Peripheral IV Insertion
 Primary and Secondary Administration set-up
 IV Push Administration
 Catheter Discontinuation
Chapter 12: Assessment and Documentation
 Catheter Insertion Documentation 
 Catheter Removal Documentation
 Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation by Therapy

Section 3: Central Venous Access Devices

 This section of the South Dakota’s I.V. Therapy curriculum has been written to provide current conceptual and operational knowledge to the licensed nurse responsible for the care of patients with central venous access devices. Ever changing technologies and the evolution of the licensed nurse’s role in the management of central lines requires up to date knowledge of changes in techniques, equipment and devices in use today. This course contains current practices for best patient outcomes and provides 5.0 contact hours of continuing education.

Chapter 13: Central Line Review
 Definition of a Central Line
 Reasons for use of a central line
 Advantages of a central line
 Overview of Central Venous Access Devices
 Lumens
 Non‐valved and valved catheters
 Non‐tunneled catheters
 Tunneled catheters
 Implanted ports
 PICC or Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter
Chapter 14: Anatomy
 Veins used for placement of central venous access devices
 Catheter tip placement
Chapter 15: Assessment and Preparations for Central Venous Catheterization
 Considerations for selection of the device
 Preparations for central venous catheterization
Chapter 16: Vascular Access Device Management
 Needleless Connectors
 Filtration
 Add-On Devices
 CVAD Stabilization
 Site Protection
 Flushing and Locking
 Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
 Administration Set Changes
 Blood Sampling from a CVAD
Chapter 17: Procedure Guides and Videos
 Central venous catheter dressing change
 Needleless access device change
 Central venous catheter flushing
 Blood Sampling from a CVAD
Chapter 18: Complications
 Catheter related complications
 Systemic complications
 Insertion related complications
Chapter 19: Discontinuation of Therapy
 Removal of devices
 Central venous access device removal procedure
Chapter 20: Assessment and Documentation and Patient Education
 Documentation of insertions, removal, infiltration or extravasations
 Assessment, monitoring, documentation by type of therapy

 
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