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Capra Garrison

Capra Garrison, Registered Nurse, has more than 33 years of experience in infusion therapy and the instruction of licensed nurses in infusion therapy continuing education. Her experience comes from multiple infusion settings: acute care, ambulatory infusion centers, home infusion, long term care continuing education provider, and long term care pharmacy quality assurance consultant.

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Class Accreditation
All states recognize our courses for accredited continuing nursing education, CNE, contact hours. This course is accredited by the following boards:

Provider approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider # CEP 15467.

Provider approved by the Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, New Mexico, South Carolina, and West Virginia Boards of Nursing through CE Broker, CE Provider #: 50-13256.  
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Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy; Current Standards of Practice

Contact Hours: 8
Cost: $75.00
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Basics of Peripheral IV Therapy; Current Standards of Practice
For a complete list of accreditations for this course, please see the accreditation information box below the author’s bio.  All states recognize our courses for accredited continuing nursing education, CNE, contact hours.

This course has been designed to provide basic conceptual and operational knowledge to healthcare clinicians who have had limited exposure to infusion therapy principals and practice.  As the science of infusion therapy advances and technology expands, it is imperative that all healthcare clinicians and nurses practicing infusion therapy remain current in their knowledge of infusion therapies, principles, techniques, equipment and the latest in infusion evidence based practices. 

In early 2016, the Infusion Nurses Society (INS), recognized as the global authority in infusion therapy, released the updated Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice. The INS sets the accepted standards for infusion therapy practice for all healthcare settings. This course is based on the current best practices as defined by the Infusion Nursing Society and other governing agencies such as the CDC, and FDA.

Many governing boards require nurses, nursing assistive personnel, radiology technicians, EMT’s, paramedics and respiratory therapist to have additional infusion therapy education after licensure. These requirements vary by state and governing board.  To view each state's Board of Nursing you may reference the resources section of the website or click here. Competency requirements are obtained and maintained through the healthcare provider's employer, facility or institution, with a preceptor. The number of times a procedure must be repeated to demonstrate competency will be determined by the employer or as stipulated by the Board of Nursing or other governing agency of the profession.  Pedagogy has developed skills competency checklists for all infusion related procedures and these are available in the course, for print out and completion with a preceptor.

Have questions about how Online IV Certification/Education works? Click Here to view our Online IV FAQ.


Upon completion of this course, the participant will be able to:
1. List specific measures that will protect against malpractice
2. Identify infusion related complications, causes and appropriate treatment
3. Demonstrate the correct calculation of an IV flow rate
4. Identify methods of infection control related to IV therapy
5. List the components of accurate and complete documentation of IV procedures and complications
6. Demonstrate IV and Infusion related procedures 


Basics of Peripheral Intravenous Therapy; Current Standards of Practice 

Chapter 1: Legal Issues
Regulatory Agencies and Governing Bodies 
Components of a Complete Physicians Order 
Legal Terms and Applications in Nursing
Protective Measures for Guarding against Malpractice Lawsuits

Chapter 2: Anatomy and Physiology
The Vascular System: Veins, Arteries and Bone Marrow 
The Three Layers of the Vessels and Their Function 
Differentiating Arteries from Veins
Veins used in Peripheral Intravenous Therapy for Pediatrics and Adults
Skin: Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 3:  Psychological Needs of the IV Patient
Age Specific Needs of Children
Elderly Patient Needs 
Cultural Aspects
Patients with Sensory Deficits 
Methods of Reducing Patient Anxiety 
Patient Teaching/Education

Chapter 4: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Water: The Primary Fluid of the Body
Hypovolemia—Dehydration: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
Hypervolemia—Fluid Overload: Assessment, Causes, Treatments 
Fluid Compartments
Electrolyte Imbalances: Assessment, Causes, Treatments

Chapter 5: pH, Osmolality and Incompatibilities of Solutions and Medications
pH of Intravenous Solutions and Medications
Tonicity: Isotonic solutions, Hypotonic solutions and Hypertonic Solutions Incompatibilities

Chapter 6: Fluid Regulation
Methods of Fluid Regulation
Patient Considerations in Fluid Regulation
External Factors that Affect the Rate of Flow 
Calculation of IV flow rates

Chapter 7 Infection Prevention and Safety Compliance
Hand Hygiene
Sharps Management
Medical Waste Disposal
Durable Medical Equipment Disinfection
Standard Precautions
Transmission-Based Precautions

Chapter 8 Vascular Visualization
Trans-illuminator Technology
Near Infrared Technology

Chapter 9: Site Selection and Device Placement
Criteria For Peripheral Devices
3 Types Of Peripheral Access And Criteria For Placement
Special Considerations Of The Specific Age Groups
General Considerations Of Short Peripheral Access 
Veins To Avoid

Chapter 10:  Vascular Access Device Management
Needleless Connectors
Add-on Devices
VAD Stabilization
Joint Stabilization
Site Protection
Flushing and Locking
Assessment, Care, and Dressing Changes
Administration Set Changes

Chapter 11 Complications
Local Complications 
Site Infection
Catheter Occlusion
Nerves and Nerve Damage
Compartment Syndrome
Systemic Complications

Chapter 12: Procedures Guides and Videos
Pre-insertion Procedures
Peripheral IV Insertion
Primary and Secondary Administration set-up
IV Push Administration
Catheter Discontinuation

Chapter 13: Assessment and Documentation
Catheter Insertion Documentation 
Catheter Removal Documentation
Assessment, Monitoring and Documentation by Therapy

Chapter 14 Resources
Skill Competency Checklists
Peripheral IV Insertion
Medication Administration
Large Volume Electronic Infusion Device Peripheral IV Catheter Insertion
IV Push
Administration of Infusate via an Ambulatory Infusion Pump
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